What is pathophysiology osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease that, on a cellular level, results from osteoclastic bone resorption not compensated by osteoblastic bone formation. This causes bones to become weak and fragile, thus increasing the risk of fractures.
What is considered extreme osteoporosis?
Severe (established) osteoporosis is defined as having a bone density that is more than 2.5 SD below the young adult mean with one or more past fractures due to osteoporosis.
What is the meaning of diffuse osteopenia?
Sometimes a routine X-ray reveals diffuse osteopenia (osteopenia in all bones visualized by the X-ray) or osteopenia of a particular location, such as spinal osteopenia. Periarticular osteopenia is an indication of past inflammation around a certain joint.
What is Austroprosis?
Osteoporosis is a health condition that weakens bones, making them fragile and more likely to break. It develops slowly over several years and is often only diagnosed when a fall or sudden impact causes a bone to break (fracture). The most common injuries in people with osteoporosis are: broken wrist.
What are five risk factors for osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis Risk Factors
- Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis.
- Cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, lack of exercise, and a diet low in calcium.
- Poor nutrition and poor general health.
How much calcium and vitamin D should I take if I have osteopenia?
Most adults should get between 1,000 and 1,200 milligrams of calcium and 600 to 800 international units (IU) of vitamin D every day. If you aren’t getting enough of these nutrients in your diet and don’t spend much time in the sun, ask your doctor if you should take a supplement.
What do you need to know about osteoporosis?
See additional information. Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calcium and bone protein. Osteoporosis predisposes a person to fractures, which are often slow to heal and heal poorly.
Why is osteoporosis called a porous bone disease?
Osteoporosis (meaning porous bone) is a bone disease in which bone loss occurs, so that bones become weak and are more likely to break. Without prevention or treatment, osteoporosis can progress without pain or symptoms until a bone breaks (fractures).
How is estrogen therapy used to prevent osteoporosis?
Studies show that estrogen therapy/hormone therapy (ET/HT) reduces bone loss, increases bone density in both the spine and hip, and reduces the risk of broken bones (especially the hip and spine). Currently, ET/HT is approved to prevent osteoporosis from developing after menopause.
Is there a cure for osteoporosis in the early stages?
Medications, healthy diet and weight-bearing exercise can help prevent bone loss or strengthen already weak bones. There typically are no symptoms in the early stages of bone loss.