How long does an EVD stay in?

How long will the EVD last? This varies from child to child, depending on the reason why EVD was needed in the first place. However, it is a temporary method of draining CSF and is rarely used for more than 14 days. Your child will need to stay in hospital until the drainage system is removed.

When do you insert EVD?

An EVD may be used:

  1. In cases of Hydrocephalus.
  2. Following surgery, particularly tumour surgery, until the CSF circulation is re-established.
  3. To enable drainage of infected CSF (e.g. meningitis)
  4. In patients with a severe head injury to provide both a means of measuring ICP and allowing CSF drainage to treat raised ICP.

How is EVD placed?

A surgeon inserts the EVD during surgery. Once your child receives medicine to help them sleep, a healthcare provider will shave a small area of their head. The surgeon makes an opening in the shaved skin and then makes a small opening in the skull to insert the tube into a ventricle (fluid-filled area).

Is EVD painful?

Will my child be in pain? An EVD should not cause pain however Paracetamol will be available as needed, as well as additional pain relief, depending on your child’s condition.

What happens if too much CSF is drained?

It is possible that the puncture of the ventricle or the opening of the dura will result in an intracranial hemorrhage. It is possible that if too much CSF is removed from the ventricles, either during a drainage procedure or when the ventricle is first punctured, the ventricle may collapse and occlude the catheter.

How much should an EVD drain per hour?

Drainage should not be turned off for longer than needed, as this can cause the catheter to block. Early signs of over-drainage include headaches, and the neurosurgical team should be notified urgently if the rate of drainage exceeds 10ml per hour or a total of more than 30ml drains in one hour (Woodward et al, 2002).

What happens if CSF does not drain?

CSF is constantly being made and absorbed by your body. CSF moves through ventricles before it drains out and gets absorbed into your bloodstream. When CSF cannot drain properly, the fluid pressure may cause the ventricles to swell.

What happens if you drain too much CSF?

How much is too much EVD drainage?

How often should I get my shunt checked?

All younger patients with a shunt should probably be encouraged to seek a neurosurgical check up at least every three years, ideally at a dedicated hydrocephalus follow up clinic.

What do you need to know about external ventricular drain?

Heather Edgar Beland, in Stroke Rehabilitation (Fourth Edition), 2016. External Ventricular Drain. The external ventricular drain (EVD) is a small tube surgically inserted into the ventricles of the brain, which drains cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (Fig. 1-12). The tube is connected to a device that measures the amount of this fluid.

When to remove an external ventricular drain shunt?

The EVD is removed as soon as the healthcare team decides it’s safe to take out. In some cases, an EVD is replaced with a different tube called a VP (ventriculoperitoneal) shunt. This is an internal tube that drains the extra fluid to a place inside the belly (abdomen). This kind of tube can stay in place for a longer time.

How does an external ventricular drain monitor ICP?

ICP can be monitored via a fibre optic monitor (Codman™ microsensor) which is placed on the surface of the brain or in the brain or an external ventricular drain (EVD) system which is a closed sterile system allowing drainage of CSF via a silastic catheter tip which rests in the ventricle.

How are external ventricular drains used to treat ydrocephalus?

ydrocephalus is a medical emergency and its treatment involves inserting an external ventricular drain (EVD) into one of the lateral ventricles of the brain to remove excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This article discusses the essentials of nursing care for patients with EVDs. CSF circulation