What is the 6 carbon molecule that is broken down to make ATP?
Glycolysis: Glucose ( 6 carbon atoms) is split into 2 molecules of pyruvic acid (3 carbons each). This produces 2 ATP and 2 NADH. Glycolysis takes place in the cytoplasm.
What molecules are broken down to produce ATP?
carbohydrate, lipids, or proteins can be broken down to make ATP. carbohydrates are the molecules most commonly broken down to make ATP. The food that you eat doesn’t contain ATP that your cells use, first they must be digested.
What is the 6 carbon molecule that starts cellular respiration?
Glycolysis begins with the six carbon ring-shaped structure of a single glucose molecule and ends with two molecules of a three-carbon sugar called pyruvate (Figure 1). Figure 1. Reactants and products of glycolysis. Glycolysis consists of ten steps divided into two distinct halves.
What is a 6 carbon molecule that is produced?
Citric acid is a 6 carbon molecule that is produced first when acetyl-CoA joins with a 4 carbon molecule to enter the Krebs cycle. Glycolysis is the process of splitting a glucose molecule into 2 pyruvic acid molecules.
How are hydrogen ions H +) essential for the production of ATP?
Hydrogen ion generation is essential for ATP production because it provides energy for conversion of ADP to ATP by ATP synthase. The Calvin cycle depends on light-dependent reactions to provide the energy (ATP and NADPH) needed for glucose production.
What four substances are recycled during photosynthesis and respiration?
The four substances recycled during photosynthesis and respiration are carbon dioxide, water, oxygen and glucose.
How are glucose molecules broken down to make ATP?
Glucose and other food molecules are broken down by controlled stepwise oxidation to provide chemical energy in the form of ATP and NADH. How is ATP broken down? It is called the pyrophosphate bond.
How many molecules of ATP are made in cellular respiration?
Electron transport from the molecules of NADH and FADH 2 made from glycolysis, the transformation of pyruvate, and the Krebs cycle creates as many as 32 more ATP molecules. Therefore, a total of up to 36 molecules of ATP can be made from just one molecule of glucose in the process of cellular respiration.
Where does the energy from cellular respiration come from?
Cells do cellular respiration to extract energy from the bonds of glucose and other food molecules. Cells can store the extracted energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). What is ATP? Let’s take a closer look at a molecule of ATP, shown in the figure 5.9.
What makes ATP in the electron transport chain?
The Electron Transport Chain: ATP for Life in the Fast Lane. After passing through the ETC, low-energy electrons and low-energy hydrogen ions combine with oxygen to form water. Thus, oxygen’s role is to drive the entire set of ATP-producing reactions within the mitochondrion by accepting “spent” hydrogens.