When was Catalan last independent?
|Catalonia Catalunya (Catalan) Catalonha (Occitan) Cataluña (Spanish)|
|Statute of Autonomy||9 September 1932 18 September 1979 9 August 2006 (current version)|
|Capital and largest city||Barcelona 41°23′N 2°11′E|
|Provinces||Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, Tarragona|
What did Franco do to Spain?
Who was Francisco Franco? Francisco Franco was a general and the leader of the Nationalist forces that overthrew the Spanish democratic republic in the Spanish Civil War (1936–39); thereafter he was the head of the government of Spain until 1973 and the head of state until his death in 1975.
Are there Catalans in France?
The vast majority of Catalans reside in the autonomous community of Catalonia, in the northeast part of Spain. At least 100,000 Catalan speakers live in the Pays Catalan in France.
What was the name of the Catalan independence movement?
Catalan independence movement. In 1931, Estat Català and other parties formed Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (Republican Left of Catalonia; ERC). Macià proclaimed a Catalan Republic in 1931, subsequently accepting autonomy within the Spanish state after negotiations with the leaders of the Second Spanish Republic.
When did the Catalan declaration of Independence come out?
The declaration did not receive recognition from the international community. On 10 October, in the aftermath of the 1 October 2017 Catalan independence referendum, a document establishing Catalonia as an independent republic was signed by the members of Catalonia’s pro-independence parliamentary majority.
Why did the Catalans want to secede from Spain?
In 2010, support for secession hovered at about 20%. Calls for independence grew as Spain endured a painful and protracted economic crisis. Artur Mas, the then Catalan president, switched to supporting independence in 2011 at a time of widespread anger over his centre-right Convergence and Union (CiU) party’s austerity policies.
When did the separatist movement in Catalonia start?
The beginnings of separatism in Catalonia can be traced back to the mid–19th century. The Renaixença (cultural renaissance), which aimed at the revival of the Catalan language and Catalan traditions, led to the development of Catalan nationalism and a desire for independence.