Where does the lac operon activator bind?

The activator protein CAP, when bound to a molecule called cAMP (discussed later), binds to the CAP binding site and promotes RNA polymerase binding to the promoter. The lac repressor protein binds to the operator and blocks RNA polymerase from binding to the promoter and transcribing the operon.

What is the activator for lac operon?

Catabolite activator protein (CAP) must bind to cAMP to activate transcription of the lac operon by RNA polymerase. CAP is a transcriptional activator with a ligand-binding domain at the N-terminus and a DNA -binding domain at the C-terminus.

What binds to activator binding?

Regulation of maltose catabolism In its inactive form, the activator is unable to bind to DNA and promote transcription of the maltose genes. When maltose is present in the cell, it binds to the allosteric site of the activator protein, causing a conformational change in the DNA-binding domain of the activator.

What is the binding site for the inducer molecule?

Inducers bind to repressors, causing them to change shape and preventing them from binding to DNA. Therefore, they allow transcription, and thus gene expression, to take place.

What does an inducer bind to?

function in operon system operons: a molecule called an inducer can bind to the repressor, inactivating it; or a repressor may not be able to bind to the operator unless it is bound to another molecule, the corepressor.

What happens when an inducer is present?

In the presence of the inducer, the inducer binds to the repressor protein “inducing” a conformational change in the structure of the repressor protein. The repressor protein-inducer complex does not bind to the lac operator DNA. mRNA synthesis from the lac operon can occur when inducer is present.

Which is the binding site of lac operon?

Promoter (lac p): They acts as the binding site for RNA polymerase, where the enzymes performs transcription. Operator (lac o): They are the binding site for the repressor. It acts as a segment between the promoter and the genes of the operon. Repressor (lac i): It codes for the repressor protein.

How is the lac operator bound to the promoter?

The operator overlaps the promoter. If a repressor molecule is present, it can bind the lac operator. It doesn’t stick to the DNA like glue, but continually binds and releases, so the operator is not bound by the repressor at all times, and structural genes are transcribed at low or basal levels.

What is the role of the lac operon in E coli?

Key points: The lac operon of E. coli contains genes involved in lactose metabolism. It’s expressed only when lactose is present and glucose is absent. Two regulators turn the operon “on” and “off” in response to lactose and glucose levels: the lac repressor and catabolite activator protein (CAP).

What does cap stand for in the lac operon?

They acts as lactose sensor. They inhibits the transcription of the lac operon. CAP protein: CAP stands for catabolite Activator Protein. It acts as glucose sensor.They activates the transcription in the operon but only when there is low level of glucose.