What did Pope Nicholas V authorize with the policy of Dum Diversas?

In 1452 Pope Nicholas V issued a papal bull entitled Dum Diversas, which authorized Afonso V of Portugal to conquer “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans” in a disputed territory in Africa and consign them to “perpetual servitude.” It has been argued that this and the subsequent bull (Romanus Pontifex), issued by Nicholas in …

What did the papal bull of 1493 dictate?

AD 1493: The Pope asserts rights to colonize, convert, and enslave. Pope Alexander VI issues a papal bull or decree, “Inter Caetera,” in which he authorizes Spain and Portugal to colonize the Americas and its Native peoples as subjects.

What did the Romanus Pontifex do?

The bull Romanus Pontifex of 1455 is the most significant in a series of papal statements of the 15th century that charged Portugal with the task of investigating the coasts of Africa with a view to finding an alternative route to India, with securing this route by establishing naval bases and with spreading the …

Who was pope in 1454?

Pope Nicholas V
Born 13 November 1397 Sarzana, Republic of Genoa
Died 24 March 1455 (aged 57) Rome, Papal States
Previous post(s) Bishop of Bologna (1444–47) Cardinal-Priest of Santa Susanna (1446–47)
Other popes named Nicholas

What name did the Pope give to the southern tip of Africa after its discovery?

Inter caetera (‘Among other [works]’) was a papal bull issued by Pope Alexander VI on the 4 May (quarto nonas maii) 1493, which granted to the Catholic Monarchs King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile all lands to the “west and south” of a pole-to-pole line 100 leagues west and south of any of the …

What was the purpose of the doctrine of discovery?

The intent of the Doctrine The Doctrine of Discovery provided a framework for Christian explorers, in the name of their sovereign, to lay claim to territories uninhabited by Christians. If the lands were vacant, then they could be defined as “discovered” and sovereignty claimed.

Why is it called a papal bull?

The name is derived from the lead seal (bulla) traditionally affixed to such documents. Since the 12th century it has designated a letter from the pope carrying a bulla that shows the heads of the apostles Peter and Paul on one side and the pope’s signature on the other.

Why is a papal bull called a bull?

A papal bull is a type of public decree, letters patent, or charter issued by a pope of the Catholic Church. It is named after the leaden seal (bulla) that was traditionally appended to the end in order to authenticate it.

What did UNAM Sanctam say?

Boniface announced that he would depose Philip if need be and issued the bull Unam Sanctam(‘One Holy’),the most famous papal document of the Middle Ages, affirming the authority of the pope as the heir of Peter and Vicar of Christ over all human authorities, spiritual and temporal.

Who wrote the Romanus Pontifex?

Romanus Pontifex, Latin for “The Roman Pontiff”, is a papal bull issued several times over the 15th century, first in 1436 by Pope Eugenius IV and again in 1455 by Pope Nicholas V to King Afonso V of Portugal.

Which pope divided the world?

Pope Alexander VI
On June 7, 1494, Pope Alexander VI divided the world in half, bestowing the western portion on Spain, and the eastern on Portugal.

Why did the pope issue the Inter Caetera?

Two papal bulls, in particular, stand out: (1) Pope Nicholas V issued “Romanus Pontifex” in 1455, granting the Portuguese a monopoly of trade with Africa and authorizing the enslavement of local people; (2) Pope Alexander VI issued the Papal Bull “Inter Caetera” in 1493 to justify Christian European explorers’ claims …

What was the purpose of the Dum Diversas?

Together, the Dum Diversas, the Romanus Pontifex and the Inter Caetera came to serve as the basis and justification for the Doctrine of Discovery, the global slave-trade of the 15th and 16th centuries, and the Age of Imperialism. Dum Diversas (Latin Original). Enter your search term…

Where can I find the Dum Diversas Bull?

This bull is currently conserved at the Institute of the National Archives of Torre do Tomba in Lisboa, Portugal, under the reference PT/TT/BUL/0007/29 and is fully translated to French in the book “ le Péché du pape contre l’Afrique ” (The Sin of the Pope against Africa) (éd. Al qalam, Paris, 2002) de Assani Fassassi, P. 10 – 21.

Who was the pope when the Dum Diversas was issued?

Dum Diversas (English: Until different) is a papal bull issued on 18 June 1452 by Pope Nicholas V. It authorized Afonso V of Portugal to conquer Saracens and pagans and consign them to perpetual servitude.

What does the Bible say about Dum Diversas?

Dum Diversas (English Translation) I apologize for sitting on this for so long, but I was hoping to wait until I got a better translation.