What does it mean to be horizontally compressed?
These are some of the questions you’ll be able to answer once we learn about this unique transformation technique: horizontal compression. Horizontal compressions occur when the function’s base graph is shrunk along the x-axis and, consequent, away from the y-axis.
What does it mean to horizontally stretch a function?
A horizontal stretch or shrink by a factor of 1/k means that the point (x, y) on the graph of f(x) is transformed to the point (x/k, y) on the graph of g(x).
What is the difference between vertical compression and horizontal stretch?
A vertical compression (or shrinking) is the squeezing of the graph toward the x-axis. if k > 1, the graph of y = k•f (x) is the graph of f (x) vertically stretched by multiplying each of its y-coordinates by k. A horizontal compression (or shrinking) is the squeezing of the graph toward the y-axis.
How do you do horizontal compression?
To shrink or compress horizontally by a factor of c, replace y = f(x) with y = f(cx). Note that if |c|<1, that’s the same as scaling, or stretching, by a factor of 1/c.
How do you horizontally compress an equation?
In math terms, you can stretch or compress a function horizontally by multiplying x by some number before any other operations. To stretch the function, multiply by a fraction between 0 and 1. To compress the function, multiply by some number greater than 1.
How do you shift a function horizontally?
A General Note: Horizontal Shift Given a function f, a new function g ( x ) = f ( x − h ) \displaystyle g\left(x\right)=f\left(x-h\right) g(x)=f(x−h), where h is a constant, is a horizontal shift of the function f. If h is positive, the graph will shift right. If h is negative, the graph will shift left.
How do you compress a graph horizontally?
How do you horizontally stretch a function by a factor of 2?
Thus, the equation of a function stretched vertically by a factor of 2 and then shifted 3 units up is y = 2f (x) + 3, and the equation of a function stretched horizontally by a factor of 2 and then shifted 3 units right is y = f ( (x – 3)) = f ( x – ). Example: f (x) = 2×2.
How do you know if a function is horizontally compressed?
If the constant is between 0 and 1, we get a horizontal stretch; if the constant is greater than 1, we get a horizontal compression of the function. Given a function y=f(x) y = f ( x ) , the form y=f(bx) y = f ( b x ) results in a horizontal stretch or compression.
How do you shift a quadratic equation horizontally?
Shift left and right by changing the value of h You can represent a horizontal (left, right) shift of the graph of f(x)=x2 f ( x ) = x 2 by adding or subtracting a constant, h , to the variable x , before squaring. If h>0 , the graph shifts toward the right and if h<0 , the graph shifts to the left.