What does Splenunculus mean?

Introduction. An accessory spleen, also called a supernumerary spleen, a splenule, or a splenunculus, is a benign and asymptomatic condition in which splenic tissue is found outside the normal spleen.

What is spleen scintigraphy?

Selective spleen scintigraphy (SSS), which is performed using denatured erythrocytes labeled with Technetium-99m (Tc99m), is the preferred scintigraphic method due to the absence of liver uptake and increased specificity (9,10).

Is Splenunculus normal?

Splenunculi or accessory spleens are congenital foci of normal splenic tissue that are separate from the main body of the spleen. They are common, with a prevalence of 16% on contrast-enhanced abdominal CT, and present in 10–30% of post mortem examinations.

What is normal size of spleen?

In general, an adult spleen is about 5 inches long, 3 inches wide, 1.5 inches thick, and weighs about 6 ounces. Women tend to have smaller spleens than men, and taller people tend to have larger spleens than shorter people.

What causes Splenunculus?

In patients who undergo splenectomy for autoimmune disorders (most commonly idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and autoimmune hemolytic anemia), the growth of unrecognized accessory spleens is a classic cause of late relapse.

How many cm is a woman’s spleen?

The spleen typically weighs 150 grams (5.3 oz) in a typical adult and spans about 11 cm (4.3 inches) vertically in its longest dimension.

How do doctors check for enlarged spleen?

An enlarged spleen is usually detected during a physical exam. Your doctor can often feel it by gently examining your left upper abdomen. However, in some people — especially those who are slender — a healthy, normal-sized spleen can sometimes be felt during an exam.

How many cm is a normal spleen?

Normally, the spleen does not extend inferior to the left costal margin; hence a normal spleen is seldom palpable through the anterolateral abdominal wall. It varies in size and shape but it is usually 12 cm long, 5 cm thickness, and 7 cm wide.

What does splenunculus stand for in medical terms?

Splenunculus. Splenunculi, also known as supernumerary spleens, accessory spleens, or splenules, are small nodules of spleen that are separate from the rest of the organ.

Where are the splenunculi located in the abdomen?

Splenunculi are typically a few centimeters in diameter when identified, well-circumscribed rounded or ovoid nodules. Although most are located near the spleen, they have been identified elsewhere in the abdominal cavity including 2,3: splenic hilum (most common) 9. gastrosplenic ligament.

What are the symptoms of a dysfunctional pituitary gland?

Oversecretion of hormones from a dysfunctional pituitary gland may result in classic clinical syndromes, the most common of which are hyperprolactinemia (from oversecretion of prolactin), acromegaly (from excess growth hormone), and Cushing disease (from overproduction of adrenocorticotropic hormone).

Are there any tumours in the anterior pituitary?

Increased activity. Hyperpituitarism is the condition where the pituitary secretes excessive amounts of hormones. This hypersecretion often results in the formation of a pituitary adenoma (tumour), which are benign apart from a tiny fraction. There are mainly three types of anterior pituitary tumors and their associated disorders.