What is bone dysplasia?

Skeletal dysplasia is the medical term for a group of about 400 conditions that affect bone development, neurological function and cartilage growth, including its most common form, achondroplasia.

Can skeletal dysplasia be cured?

Though there is no cure for skeletal dysplasia, there are a wide range of different treatment options depending on type. As your child matures, growth hormone therapy may be appropriate. Orthopedic surgery may also be necessary.

What is the most common skeletal dysplasia?

The 4 most common skeletal dysplasias are thanatophoric dysplasia, achondroplasia, osteogenesis imperfecta, and achondrogenesis. Thanatophoric dysplasia and achondroplasia account for 62% of all lethal skeletal dysplasias. Achondroplasia is the most common nonlethal skeletal dysplasia.

How many skeletal dysplasias are there?

Presently, there are more than 350 well-characterized skeletal dysplasias that are classified primarily on the basis of clinical, radiographic, and molecular criteria.

What causes bone dysplasia?

Skeletal dysplasia is a genetic condition. It’s caused by a defect in a specific gene, known as a genetic mutation. Each type of skeletal dysplasia is relatively rare. But as a whole, skeletal dysplasia affects close to one in every 5,000 births, report researchers in Genetics in Medicine .

What is the treatment for skeletal dysplasia?

Skeletal Dysplasia Treatment Options They may include bracing, growth hormone therapy, medications and physical therapy. However, in some cases surgery may be needed to correct deformed bones and improve your child’s comfort and quality of life as he or she gets older.

Can you live with skeletal dysplasia?

Long-term outlook About half of fetuses with skeletal dysplasia are stillborn or die within the first six weeks of life. But not all children with dysplasias have severe medical problems. Many of these children can live relatively normal lives.

Why does skeletal dysplasia happen?

What causes skeletal dysplasia? Skeletal dysplasia is an inherited condition. It can be caused by many different types of genetic mutations, which are passed down from parents to children. These mutations can prevent your child’s bones from growing normally.

How many people in the world have skeletal dysplasia?

Skeletal dysplasias affect 1 in 5,000 children. Achondroplasia is less common and affects 1 in 15,000 children. +What causes skeletal dysplasias?

What specialist treats fibrous dysplasia?

Contact an Orthopedic Specialist. Dr. Daniel C. Allison is uniquely qualified to treat rare musculoskeletal disorders including fibrous dysplasia. His skilled, multidisciplinary team provides exceptional care for the successful treatment of orthopedic trauma, orthopedic tumors, limb preservation, and complex conditions.

What does polyostotic fibrous dysplasia mean?

Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia: A disorder that features the replacement of multiple areas of bone by fibrous tissue , which may cause fractures and deformity of the legs, arms, and skull.

How is fibrous dysplasia treated?

Fibrous dysplasia is diagnosed through bone scan and other imaging scans. This is effectively treated through proper medication therapy or bone graft surgery that replaces the affected scar tissue with healthy bone.

Is fibrous dysplasia fatal?

Fibrous dysplasia commonly involves the spine, and may lead to scoliosis , which in rare instances may be severe. Untreated, progressive scoliosis is one of the few features of fibrous dysplasia that can lead to early fatality.