What is photoperiodic induction?

Photoperiodic induction involves the production of a flowering stimulus in the leaves and its translocation to the stem apex under certain daylengths. Cool-season grasses are typically long-day plants in that flowering only occurs after exposure to daylengths greater than a critical number of hours.

What is an example of photoperiodism?

Photoperiodism is a term in biology for the way a plant or animal reacts to the amount of light it gets at a time, including flowering or not flowering. An example of photoperiodism is when a plant doesn’t bloom during the increased darkness of winter time.

Which of the following is example of photoperiodic responses exhibited by plants?

The best studied example of photoperiodism in plants is flowering, but other responses to daylength include bud dormancy and bulb or tuber initiation. Seasonal flowering in response to daylength helps species to adapt to particular habitats and synchronize flowering for maximum pollination efficiency.

What are some examples of long-day plants?

flower only when amount of daylight lasts longer than their critical threshold, typically in spring or early summer, before the equinox. Examples of these plants include: aster, hibiscus, coneflower, lettuce, spinach, radish, sugar beet, and potato.

What is the Colour of phytochrome?

function. Another example is phytochrome, a bilichrome pigment of blue colour, which, although present in very minute quantities in green plants, is indispensable in various photoperiodic processes.

What is inductive cycle?

An appropriate photoperiod in 24 hours cycle constitutes one inductive cycle. If a plant which has received sufficient inductive cycles is subsequently placed under unfavorable photoperiods, it will still flower. An increase in the number of inductive cycles results in early flowering of the plant.

What triggers photoperiodism?

Many models have been suggested over the years, but today, most biologists think photoperiodism—at least, in many species—is the result of interactions between a plant’s “body clock” and light cues from its environment. Only when the light cues and the body clock line up in the right way will the plant flower.

Which wavelengths are the most effective in photoperiodism?

Thus, based on the above information, we can conclude that the red and far-red wavelengths are the most effective in photoperiodism. Hence, the correct answer is option (D). Note: Photoperiodism is the effect of the duration of the light or the photoperiod on the flowering of the plants.

What is photoperiodism diagram?

The plants in order to flower require a certain day length i.e., the relative length of day and night which is called as photoperiod. The response of plants to the photoperiod expressed in the form of flowering is called as photoperiodism.

Is potato a short day plant?

The cultivated potato is a long-day (>16 h) plant for flowering and short day plant for tuber formation (Markarov, 2002) .

What vegetables are day neutral?

Botanists call these “day neutral” plants. Tomatoes, corn, cucumbers and some strawberries are day-neutral.

How is PR converted to PFR?

Pr absorbs red light (~667 nm) and is immediately converted to Pfr. Pfr absorbs far-red light (~730 nm) and is quickly converted back to Pr. Absorption of red or far-red light causes a massive change to the shape of the chromophore, altering the conformation and activity of the phytochrome protein to which it is bound.

How is the induction of flowering dependent on the photoperiod?

Oppositely in short-day plants, the flower induction occurs under the daylength shorter than their critical photoperiod (less than 12 hours). Thus, the induction of flowering is dependent on the photopigments and phytohormones present in the plant, which responds to the light stimulus in different ways or produces flowers in different seasons.

Which is an example of a photoperiodic after effect?

This persistence of photo­periodic after effect is called as photoperiodic induction. i. An increase in the number of inductive cycles results in early flowering of the plant. For instance Xanthium (a short day plant) requires only one inductive cycle and normally flowers after about 64 days.

How is artificial lighting used to induce photoperiodism?

Other than flowering, photoperiodism in plants includes the growth of stems or roots during certain seasons and the loss of leaves. Artificial lighting can be used to induce extra-long days.

How is photoperiodism related to the length of night?

Photoperiodism is the physiological reaction of organisms to the length of night or a dark period. It occurs in plants and animals. Photoperiodism can also be defined as the developmental responses of plants to the relative lengths of light and dark periods. They are classified under three groups according to the photoperiods: short-day plants,…