Who is the ruler of modern Egypt?
The president is the head of state of Egypt and the Supreme Commander of the Egyptian Armed Forces. The current president is Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, who has effectively controlled the country since the 2013 coup d’état, and was officially elected president in 2014.
Who was the first modern ruler of Egypt?
Muhammad Ali had a 43-year reign, the longest in the history of modern Egypt. Termed the “father of modern Egypt,” he is viewed in Egyptian historiography as the dynasty’s most important ruler, due to his massive agricultural, administrative, and military reforms.
Who ruled Egypt in the 20th century?
Egypt was ruled autocratically by three presidents over the following six decades: by Nasser from 1954 until his death in 1970, by Anwar Sadat from 1971 until his assassination in 1981, and by Hosni Mubarak from 1981 until his resignation in the face of the 2011 Egyptian revolution.
Who was the last major ruler of Egypt?
Cleopatra VII, often simply called “Cleopatra,” was the last of a series of rulers called the Ptolemies who ruled Egypt for nearly 300 years. She was also the last true pharaoh of Egypt. Cleopatra ruled an empire that included Egypt, Cyprus, part of modern-day Libya and other territories in the Middle East.
What was Egypt called before 1971?
Following the formal abolition of the monarchy in 1953, Egypt was known officially as the Republic of Egypt until 1958, the United Arab Republic from 1958 to 1971 (including a period of union with Syria from 1958 to 1961), and has been known as the Arab Republic of Egypt since 1971.
Who is the first pharaoh?
Many scholars believe the first pharaoh was Narmer, also called Menes. Though there is some debate among experts, many believe he was the first ruler to unite upper and lower Egypt (this is why pharaohs hold the title of “lord of two lands”).
Who are the most famous Egyptian rulers?
becoming pharaoh at the age of 9.
Who were the ancient Egyptian rulers?
Power couple of the ancient world, Nefertiti and Akhenaten ruled Egypt together from 1353-1336 B.C and are best known for starting a monotheistic religious revolution. They pushed for the worship of only one god, the sun disk called Aten. Prior to their reign, Egyptian religion was polytheistic.
Who ruled ancient Egypt for the longest period of time?
The longest fully documented reign is the 67 years of Rameses II , who came to the throne in 1279 BCE and built more temples than any other pharaoh. The next place is a tie between Thutmose III (1479 BCE) and Psamtik I (664 BCE), both of whom ruled for 54 years.
Who is the earliest known ruler of Egypt?
Iry-Hor is the earliest ruler of Egypt known by name and is sometimes cited as the earliest-living historical person known by name. Iry-Hor’s name is written with the Horus falcon hieroglyph ( Gardiner sign G5) above a mouth hieroglyph (Gardiner D21).