What are the landmarks of the tibia?

Terms in this set (31)

  • Medial and lateral condyles (tibia) Bone: Tibia.
  • Tibial tuberosity. Bone: Tibia.
  • Gerdy’s tubercle. Bone: Tibia.
  • Medial border (tibia) Bone: Tibia.
  • Anterior border (tibia) Bone: Tibia.
  • Medial surface (tibia) Bone: Tibia.
  • Medial malleolus. Bone: Tibia.
  • Grooves for tendons (tibia) Bone: Tibia.

What bone markings are on the tibia?

Tibia Bone Markings:

  • A fibrocartilage pad or lateral mensicus covers the condyle’s flattened superior surface so it can smoothly articulate with the lateral condyle of the femur.
  • The iliotibial tract attaches to the front of the condyle and the short head of the biceps femoris attaches to the back.

What bone marking is found on the fibula?

Bone Marking Location
Lateral malleolus Large bony process on lateral surface of distal end of the fibula
Tarsals Bones of the ankle
Talus Trochlea Located between the two malleoli

What is bone surface markings?

There are three general classes of bone markings: (1) articulations, (2) projections, and (3) holes. In general, their size and shape is an indication of the forces exerted through the attachment to the bone. A hole is an opening or groove in the bone that allows blood vessels and nerves to enter the bone.

What muscles are attached to the tibia?

The Tibialis anterior muscle gets attach on the shaft of the tibia. It originates from the upper 2/3rd area of lateral surface of the shaft. The primary action of tibialis anterior is dorsiflexion and inversion of the foot.

What bone markings can be used to distinguish the right tibia from the left?

How can you tell the difference between a left tibia and right tibia? The tibial tuberosity and anterior margin should be on the anterior side. On the distal end of the bone, there is a malleolus (part of the bone that sticks out father) which should be on the medial side.

Is the medial malleolus part of the tibia?

You probably know the medial malleolus as the bump that protrudes on the inner side of your ankle. It’s actually not a separate bone, but the end of your larger leg bone — the tibia, or shinbone. The medial malleolus is the largest of the three bone segments that form your ankle.

What contributes to bone markings?

Labeled Bone Markings, Examples of processes formed where tendons or ligaments attach, processes formed to articulate with adjacent bones, elevation or depressions, and openings.

Which bone is more medial the tibia or fibula?

shin bone
The tibia (shin bone) is the medial bone of the leg and is larger than the fibula, with which it is paired (Figure 3). The tibia is the main weight-bearing bone of the lower leg and the second longest bone of the body, after the femur.

What do bone markings reveal?

Bone markings are projections and depressions found on bones, which help us to identify the location of other body structures, such as muscles. Their importance comes when we try to describe the shape of the bone or to understand how the muscles, ligaments and other structures affect this bone and vice versa.

Where are bone markings found?

Crest – A raised or prominent part of the edge of a bone. Crests are often the sites where connective tissue attaches muscle to bone. The iliac crest is found on the ilium. Diaphysis – Refers to the main part of the shaft of a long bone.

What is the bony landmark of the tibia?

The medial malleolus is a bony projection continuing inferiorly on the medial aspect of the tibia. It articulates with the tarsal bones to form part of the ankle joint. On the posterior surface of the tibia, there is a groove through which the tendon of tibialis posterior passes.

What is bone articulates most with the tibia?

The tibia, or shin bone, spans the lower leg, articulating proximally with the femur and patella at the knee joint, and distally with the tarsal bones, to form the ankle joint. It is the major weight-bearing bone of the lower leg. Proximally, there are five key features of the tibia:

What are all the bone markings?

There are three general classes of bone markings: (1) articulations, (2) projections, and (3) holes. As the name implies, an articulation is where two bone surfaces come together (articulus = “joint”). These surfaces tend to conform to one another, such as one being rounded and the other cupped, to facilitate the function of the articulation.

What bone articulates distally to the tibia?

The head of the femur (thigh bone) articulates with the acetabulum (hip socket) in the pelvic bone forming the hip joint, while the distal part of the femur articulates with the tibia and kneecap forming the knee joint. The femur is both the strongest bone and the longest bone in the body.