What is high liver enzymes in dogs?

When levels are increased in the blood, it means that the enzymes have leaked out of the liver cells due to cell damage. AST is found in muscle cells as well as liver cells, so an elevation in AST without a similar elevation in ALT may indicate muscle damage rather than liver damage.

What are acceptable liver enzyme levels?

Typically the range for normal AST is reported between 10 to 40 units per liter and ALT between 7 to 56 units per liter. Mild elevations are generally considered to be 2-3 times higher than the normal range. In some conditions, these enzymes can be severely elevated, in the 1000s range.

What are ALT levels in dogs?

ALT is a liver specific enzyme in the dog and cat. The highest cellular concentrations occur in the cytosol therefore the enzyme is released following severe, acute and diffuse hepatocellular necrosis. In general, serum levels are not regarded as significant unless they are two to three times above normal.

What is high ALT dog?

ALT (alanine aminotransferase) This is found in liver cells. If liver cells break down for any reason, it is released into the blood. When ALT levels in the blood are high, it tells us that liver cells are breaking down more quickly than usual.

What are the symptoms of high liver enzymes in dogs?

Your dog’s symptoms may include:

  • Loss of appetite.
  • Weight loss.
  • Vomiting or diarrhea.
  • Increased thirst.
  • An unstable walk.
  • Increased need to pee.
  • Confusion.
  • Yellowish eyes, tongue, or gums (jaundice)

How do you treat high ALT levels in dogs?


  1. Diet changes often help.
  2. Supplements such as SAM-E or milk thistle may help the liver recover.
  3. Antibiotics are used for infections of the liver.
  4. Surgery may be an option for dogs with tumors or cysts.

Can a dog’s liver repair itself?

It is not reversible. Before the liver reaches this terminal stage, it can recover from damage and heal itself to the point where your dog has normal liver function. This is possible if proper treatment is instituted early on; the extent of recovery depends on the exact cause of the liver damage.

How can I lower my dog’s liver enzymes?

Often, dogs suffering from liver disease do extremely well on a low-protein, high-fat diet. Including as many sources of Omega 3 fats such as fish oil and flaxseed oil is a wonderful way to give your dog the healthy fats his body needs and will be able to effectively process.

What causes high liver count in dogs?

There are many different causes of elevated liver count in dogs including Infectious canine Hepatitis, Liver Shunt, Hepatic Lipidosis, Cancer, Chronic active Hepatitis, and Copper Storage Disease.

What does an elevated ALT level in a dog mean?

Elevated ALT ALT is a liver enzyme caused by leaking or injured liver cells. The normal ALT level in a healthy dog is between 5 and 107 u/L. If the vet sees an elevated ALT, liver or bile duct disease will be considered the prime suspects. There are other reasons for an elevated ALT,…

What is the normal range of liver function?

Liver function tests are nothing but blood tests that help in diagnosing any damage or disease in the liver. The normal levels of the liver function test are 7-56 units/liter for ALT and 10-40units/liters is the range for AST.

What is an elevated liver enzyme?

Definition of elevated liver enzymes. Elevated liver enzymes may indicate inflammation or damage to cells in the liver. Inflamed or injured liver cells leak higher than normal amounts of certain chemicals, including liver enzymes, into the bloodstream, which can result in elevated liver enzymes on blood tests.