What was the impact of 2010 flood in Pakistan?
The 2010 monsoon flood disaster in Pakistan was massive and unprecedented, killing more than 1,700 persons, affecting over 20 percent of the land area, more than 20 million people, and causing loss of billions of dollars through damages to infrastructure, housing, agriculture and livestock, and other family assets.
What are the effects of flood in Pakistan?
The floods killed 367 people and affected more than 2.5 million people, and 129,880 houses were damaged or destroyed. Over 1 million acres of cropland and 250,000 farmers were affected, in most cases resulting in the loss of standing food, fodder or cash crops.
How many people were affected in the 2010 Indus river floods?
Twenty million people
Twenty million people were affected as homes, livelihoods, and infrastructure were wiped out, access to food and clean water were cut off, and transportation, energy, and communication systems were disrupted.
How much did the damage of water supplies cost Pakistan after the flooding in 2010?
Damage to structures was estimated to exceed US$4 billion (€2.5 billion), and wheat crop damages were estimated to be over US$500 million (€425 million)…
What were the causes of the Pakistan Floods 2010?
The 2010 floods in Pakistan were caused by extremely high rainfall in the Indus River watershed during July and August. These maps show the satellite estimates of the difference in rainfall between 2010 and the long-term average for the region.
What are the benefits of floods?
Floods benefit communities and nature Floods allow a river’s water to reach more areas above and below ground. This water can be stored and used by nature and people. They also filter pollutants out of rivers and nourishing lands to support ecosystems and fertile areas for farming.
What are the advantages of floods?
Floods contribute to the health of ecologically important wetland areas. Healthy wetlands promote healthy water supplies and even affect air quality. Floods inundate wetlands with fresh waste. They also carry and deposit nutrient-rich sediments that support both plant and animal life in wetlands.
What were the major causes of floodwater in the 2010 Pakistan flood?
Why floods are common in Pakistan?
Flooding is the most overwhelming natural hazard in Pakistan due to diverse ecosystems and occurs mainly due to the heavy monsoon rains throughout the country, commonly late in the summer season and overflow the rivers and streams over dry land.
How did the floods in Pakistan affect people?
A month of flooding across Pakistan has left millions of people homeless and devastated thousands of square kilometres of land. While the south battles new floods, in the north workers have begun clearing up as waters recede. The BBC’s M Ilyas Khan assesses the huge task ahead.
Why was there so much flooding in Punjab?
Punjab is also home to an intricate network of irrigation and water management systems designed for crop use, energy production and flood control. But for the past few decades, PMD officials have noticed that the center of Pakistan’s monsoon has been gradually shifting to the northwest, away from the nation’s watershed in Punjab.
What was the highest rainfall in Pakistan in 2010?
The monsoon rainfall of 2010 over the whole country was the highest since 1994 and the second highest during last 50 years.
When did Pakistan create the Federal Flood Commission?
In response to previous Indus River floods in 1973 and 1976, Pakistan created the Federal Flood Commission (FFC) in 1977. The FFC operates under Pakistan’s Ministry of Water and Power.