What is cam deformity?

What is a cam deformity or a cam lesion? The hip is a ball and a socket joint. The ball is called the femoral head and the socket is called the acetabulum. In patients with a cam deformity, the head is not perfectly spherical and does not fit well into the socket.

Can you see hip impingement on X ray?

A case of hip impingement cannot be definitively diagnosed without medical imaging, such as x-rays and/or an MRI. The bony growths that cause hip impingement can often be seen on an x-ray.

What causes cam deformity?

Currently, the most popular theory for the development of cam-type deformities is that a repetitive injury to the proximal femoral physis occurs during a critical period of development. There is a correlation between a high volume of impact activities during adolescence and the development of cam-type deformities.

What does a cam impingement look like?

A deformity of the ball at the top of the femur (called cam impingement). If the head is not shaped normally, the abnormal part of the head can jam in the socket when the hip is bent. This may occur during activities such as riding a bicycle or tying your shoes.

Are you born with cam impingement?

Symptoms and Causes The abnormality causes friction during movement and can damage the surrounding cartilage and labrum (cartilage that lines the hip socket). The abnormalities associated with FAI are usually present at birth. But they can develop later in life, especially during the teenage years.

Can you see FAI on xray?

Plain radiography is the primary imaging modality in the diagnostic process of FAI. It is cheap, fast, and widely available. Plain radiographs allow recognition of a wide variety of underlying hip disorders (i.e. Perthes disease, developmental dysplasia of the hip, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, etc.)

What doctor do you see for hip impingement?

Hip impingement is usually treated with physical therapy. It helps make your muscles stronger and more flexible, which should help the pain. If you still have pain after physical therapy, your doctor may recommend that you see an orthopedic surgeon to discuss whether surgery is the best choice for you.

Can a cam impingement grow back?

Conclusion: There was no recurrence of cam deformity at 2 years after femoral neck osteoplasty for femoroacetabular impingement. PRO scores were improved at the 3-month and 2-year postoperative time points.

What does FAI pain feel like?

FAI usually feels like a sharp pain deep in the groin area or in the front of the hip. It worsens with athletic activities, or with prolonged sitting. As symptoms progress, the muscles surrounding the hip will fatigue and become very sore.

Can FAI heal itself?

Arthroscopic hip impingement surgery recovery time will vary for each patient and each instance of FAI. However, most patients will make a full recovery in four to six months. Many instances of FAI can be adequately managed with a personalized approach to conservative care treatment.

How do you diagnose FAI?

To confirm a diagnosis of FAI, your doctor may use:

  1. Imaging tests: Tests such as X-rays and MRIs help doctors identify abnormalities and signs of damage in the hip joint.
  2. Impingement test: Your doctor brings your knee up to your chest and rotates it toward the opposite shoulder.

Which is the correct definition of a cam deformity?

A cam deformity is an eccentricity at the junction between the head of the femur and the neck.

Where is the cam deformity located in FAI?

The cam-type deformity in FAI is complex and variable, and several studies have noted the deformity to be centered at the anterior-superior head-neck junction, with variable extension to the anterior and superior head-neck junction.

How are radial reformats used to diagnose Cam?

Radial reformats rotating about the femoral neck axis have become the standard for detection and characterization of the cam-type deformity. In the original study by Nötzli et al, 13 the mean alpha angle on axial oblique images in the symptomatic cohort was 74° (range, 55° to 95°), compared with 42° (range, 33° to 48°) in the asymptomatic cohort.

What are the typical findings of Cam morphology?

A 30-year-old gentleman with long-standing pelvic pain and no history of trauma, initially evaluated by hip x-ray. Typical findings of CAM morphology is depicted by osseous bump on the superior femoral neck obliterating the femoro-acetabular sulcus, as a pistol grip appearance of the proximal femur.