What are the four main types of reports required of a single audit?

The four types of auditor opinions are:Unqualified opinion-clean report.Qualified opinion-qualified report.Disclaimer of opinion-disclaimer report.Adverse opinion-adverse audit report.

What triggers a single audit?

What triggers the requirement for a Single Audit? Any non-federal entity that expends more than $750,000 in federal award funds during its fiscal year is required to obtain a Single Audit (or Program-specific Audit, if applicable.)

How many reports are issued in a single audit?


How do I prepare for a single audit?

Five Steps to Prepare for your First Single AuditGather all federal grant information. Gain an understanding of applicable compliance requirements. Develop and review policies and procedures for internal controls in place over federal funds received. Consider documentary evidence of internal controls. Consult with your audit team.

How do you choose a major for a single audit?

The auditor must use a risk-based approach to determine which Federal programs are major programs. This risk-based approach must include consideration of: current and prior audit experience, oversight by Federal agencies and pass-through entities, and the inherent risk of the Federal program.

What is a Type B program?

Type B programs are those of less than $750,000. When total federal awards exceed $25 million, see the table below. Total federal awards expended. Type A/B threshold. ≥$750,000 and ≤ $25 million.

Can you get audited for a grant?

The Single Audit Act (amended in 1996) states that grant recipients may be subject to an audit once a year. The audit aims to ensure compliance with government regulations and evaluate financial information, including expenses paid for with federal award funds.

What triggers a yellow book audit?

Yellow Book Audit– also known as Generally Accepted Government Auditing Standards (GAGAS) audits. The purpose of this audit is to provide an opinion on the financial statement, in accordance with GAGAS. Most audits required by a government organization need to be conducted according to the yellow book standards.

What is an A 133 audit?

Single Audit, previously known as the OMB Circular A-133 audit, is an organization-wide financial statement and federal awards’ audit of a non-federal entity that expends $750,000 or more in federal funds in one year.

What replaced OMB Circular A 133?

On Decem, OMB Circular A-133 was superseded by the issuance of 2 CFR part 200, subpart F. Among other things, those changes increased the audit threshold to $750,000 for auditee fiscal years beginning on or after Decem and made changes to the major program determination process.

What is the purpose of the Single Audit Act?

The Single Audit Act Amendments of 1996 (Single Audit Act) were enacted to streamline and improve the effectiveness of audits of federal awards expended by states, local governments, and not-for-profit entities (referred to as non-federal entities), as well as to reduce audit burden.

What is a 123 audit?

A-123 defines management’s responsibility for internal control in Federal agencies. A re-examination of the existing internal control requirements for Federal agencies was initiated in light of the new internal control requirements for publicly-traded companies contained in the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

How many GAO internal control standards are there?

17 principles

What is the GAO Green Book?

Standards for Internal Control in the Federal Government, known as the “Green Book,” sets the standards for an effective internal control system for federal agencies. On Septem GAO issued its revision of Standards for Internal Control in the Federal Government.

What are management’s responsibilities related to internal control over financial reporting?

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining an adequate system of internal control over financial reporting, including safeguarding of assets against unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition. Appropriate actions are taken by management to correct deficiencies as they are identified.

What are some examples of internal controls?

Examples of Internal ControlsSegregation of Duties. When work duties are divided or segregated among different people to reduce the risk of error or inappropriate actions.Physical Controls. Reconciliations. Policies and Procedures. Transaction and Activity Reviews. Information Processing Controls.

What is internal control checklist?

An internal control checklist is intended to give an organization a tool for evaluating the state of its system of internal controls. By periodically comparing the checklist to actual systems, one can spot control breakdowns that should be remedied.

Which of the following is an example of detective controls?

A detective control is a type of internal control that seeks to uncover problems in a company’s processes once they have occurred. Examples of detective controls include physical inventory checks, reviews of account reports and reconciliations, as well as assessments of current controls.

What are the 3 types of controls?

Three basic types of control systems are available to executives: (1) output control, (2) behavioural control, and (3) clan control. Different organizations emphasize different types of control, but most organizations use a mix of all three types.

What are some examples of preventive controls?

Below are examples of preventive controls:Segregation of duties.Pre-approval of actions and transactions.Physical control over assets (i.e. locks).Computer passwords and access controls.Employee screening and training.