What causes gender-based violence?

Although men and boys are also subjected to abuse and violence, women and girls are more often affected owing to power imbalances and the low social status that accorded to them by society. These factors often result in discrimination and in their being denied opportunities in various spheres of life.

What are two main causes of gender-based violence?

Various other factors, such as poverty, lack of education and livelihood opportunities, and impunity for crime and abuse, also tend to contribute to and reinforce a culture of violence and discrimination based on gender.

What are the five causes of gender-based violence?

Other cultural factors include gender stereotypes and prejudice, normative expectations of femininity and masculinity, the socialization of gender, an understanding of the family sphere as private and under male authority, and a general acceptance of violence as part of the public sphere (e.g. street sexual harassment …

What are the main characteristics of gender-based violence?

Gender-based violence is violence directed against a person on the basis of gender. It constitutes a breach of the fundamental rights to life, liberty, security, dignity, equality between women and men, nondiscrimination, and physical and mental integrity (European Institute for Gender Equality).

What are the effects of gender based violence?

Victims of violence can suffer sexual and reproductive health consequences, including forced and unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortions, traumatic fistula, sexually transmitted infections including HIV, and even death.

Is there such thing as gender based violence?

Gender-based violence and violence against women are terms that are often used interchangeably as it has been widely acknowledged that most gender-based violence is inflicted on women and girls, by men.

Where does gender based violence take place in Nigeria?

In Enugu State, violence among both men and women is widespread. It occurs everywhere, in the streets, at the work place, in the home and community. Both men and women have been victims of violence. This has great negative impact on the general wellbeing of the community as it affects all spheres of life.

What does Istanbul Convention say about gender based violence?

Under the Istanbul Convention acts of gender-based violence are emphasised as resulting in ‘physical, sexual, psychological or economic harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coerican or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occuring in public or in private life.’

What are the causes of violence against women?

w The gender perspective on violence against women shows us that the root cause of violence lies in the unequal power relations between women and men, which ensure male dominance over women, and are a characteristic of human societies throughout the world.