What happened to the Athena Parthenos statue?

The original Athena Parthenos created by Pheidias in the fifth century BC was stripped of its gold fixtures by Lachares in around 296 BC. What remained of the statue was almost certainly destroyed by a fire in the east naos of the Parthenon that must have taken place sometime shortly before around 165 BC.

What did the Athena Parthenos look like?

The statue of Athena is upright, with a tunic reaching to the feet, and on her breast the head of Medusa is worked in ivory. She holds a statue of Victory [Nike] that is approx. four cubits high, and in the other hand a spear; at her feet lies a shield and near the spear is a serpent.

Is there a replica of the Athena Parthenos?

The building and the Athena statue are both full-scale replicas of the Athenian originals. Originally built for Tennessee’s 1897 Centennial Exposition, this replica of the Parthenon in Athens, Greece serves as a monument to what is considered the pinnacle of classical architecture.

Who destroyed the Athena Parthenos?

Heruli pirates are also credited with sacking Athens in 276, and destroying most of the public buildings there, including the Parthenon.

What was the original statue of Athena made of?

Phidias completed the Lemnian Athena between 451-448 BCE. The massive chryselephantine cult statue, Athena Parthenos, was made out of gold and ivory and measured 12 meters in height.

Who sculpted the statue of Athena?

Statue of Athena/Artists

Phidias completed the Lemnian Athena between 451-448 BCE. The massive chryselephantine cult statue, Athena Parthenos, was made out of gold and ivory and measured 12 meters in height.

Why is Athena in Nashville?

When Nashville hosted Tennessee’s Centennial Exposition in 1897, the city wanted to remind everyone of its “Athens” claim, so it built a temporary full-size replica Parthenon (The original is in Athens).

Who created a new statue of Athena sculpted in ivory and gold on the Acropolis?

The colossal statue of the Athena Parthenos, which Phidias made for the Parthenon, was completed and dedicated in 438. The original work was made of gold and ivory and stood some 38 feet (12 metres) high.

Why did Phidias build the statue of Athena Parthenos?

The temple was constructed to house the new gold and ivory cult statue of the goddess by the master sculptor Phidias (also Pheidias) and to proclaim to the world the success of Athens as leader of the coalition of Greek forces in the Persian Wars.

Where was the statue of Athena Parthenos located?

Athena Parthenos. Athena Parthenos ( Ancient Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ Παρθένος; literally, “Athena the Virgin “) is a lost massive chryselephantine (gold and ivory) sculpture of the Greek goddess Athena, made by Phidias and his assistants and housed in the Parthenon in Athens. Despite the dynamic architectural characteristics of the Parthenon,…

What did Phidias build on the Acropolis of Athens?

At Delphi he created a great group in bronze including the figures of Greek gods Apollo and Athena, several Attic heroes, and General Miltiades the Younger. On the Acropolis of Athens, Phidias constructed a colossal bronze statue of Athena, the Athena Promachos, which was visible far out at sea.

How big is the Athena Parthenos in Nashville?

Replica at Nashville. The 23.75-karat gold leaf on Nashville’s Athena Parthenos weighs a total of 8.5 pounds (3.9 kg) and is one-third the thickness of tissue paper. [citation needed] The modern extravagance of gilding such a large statue pales in comparison to the lavish spending of the Greeks.

Where did Pausanias find the statue of Phidias?

Tools, terracotta molds and a cup inscribed on the bottom “Φειδίου εἰμί” (Pheidíou eimí) – “I belong to Phidias”; literally: “of Phidias I am”, were found here, just where Pausanias said the statue was constructed. The discovery has enabled archaeologists to re-create the techniques used to make the statue and confirm its date.