What sterilization method is usually applied in hospital?

Steam under pressure, dry heat, ethylene oxide (ETO) gas, hydrogen peroxide gas plasma, vaporized hydrogen peroxide, and liquid chemicals are the principal sterilizing agents used in health care facilities.

What products are used for sterilization?

Chemicals Used for Sterilization or Disinfection

  • Ethylene Oxide.
  • Ozone.
  • Bleach.
  • Glutaraldehyde and Formaldehyde.
  • Phthalaldehyde.
  • Hydrogen Peroxide.
  • Peracetic Acid.
  • Silver.

What is a Steris machine and when is it used?

Intended for use in the terminal sterilization of properly prepared (cleaned, rinsed and dried) reusable metal and nonmetal medical devices used in healthcare facilities.

Is glutaraldehyde a disinfectant?

Glutaraldehyde is a toxic chemical that is used as a cold sterilant to disinfect and clean heat-sensitive medical, surgical and dental equipment. It is found in products such as Cidex, Aldesen, Hospex, Sporicidin, Omnicide, Matricide, Wavicide and others.

What liquid is used to Sterilise?

Types of Chemicals Used in Liquid Chemical Sterilization The active chemical used in STERIS liquid chemical sterilant processing systems is 35% Peracetic Acid.

Is formaldehyde considered a disinfectant?

Formaldehyde is used as a disinfectant and sterilant in both its liquid and gaseous states. Formaldehyde is sold and used principally as a water-based solution called formalin, which is 37% formaldehyde by weight. The aqueous solution is a bactericide, tuberculocide, fungicide, virucide and sporicide 72, 82, 571-573.

How do you use glutaraldehyde disinfectant?

Glutaraldehyde is used as a cold sterilant to disinfect a variety of heat-sensitive instruments, such as endoscopes, dialysis equipment, and more. It is used as a high-level disinfectant for those surgical instruments that cannot be heat sterilized.

Why are medical instruments need sterilization?

Medical devices that have contact with sterile body tissues or fluids are considered critical items. These items should be sterile when used because any microbial contamination could result in disease transmission . Such items include surgical instruments, biopsy forceps, and implanted medical devices.

Why is important sterilization in equipment medical?

Regardless of type, make or size, sterilizing medical equipment is crucial to the proper usage and maintenance of all the instruments . Instrument sterilization not only extends the life of expensive equipment so that they remain useable for a longer period of time, but also ensures safety against transmissible diseases.

What equipment is used in hospitals?

A scalpel is a common surgical instrument. Most hospitals have surgical units with equipment to perform safe operations. Hospital equipment may include stethoscopes. Intravenous bags can be used to give patients needed fluids or deliver medication throughout the body.

How is medical equipment sterilized?

Sterilizing medical equipment via dry heat is an effective method of sterilizing medical equipment. Dry heat is directed towards the medical equipment and any microorganisms are destroyed. This is because the high heat coagulates blood proteins and ensures that microorganisms are destroyed.