Who was George McJunkin And what did he discover?
George McJunkin was an African American cowboy known for discovering bison bones in Folsom, New Mexico which eventually made archaeological history. McJunkin was born in the slavery era in Texas. His father was a blacksmith.
What primary source contribution did George McJunkin make to the history of New Mexico?
The historic Folsom Hotel is one of several empty buildings in the northern New Mexican town, which has a population of about 50.
How did George McJunkin feel the sting of racism?
Was described as “grinning like an ape” by a newspaper. How did George McJunkin feel the sting of racism? Was discriminated against because people did not believe that what he found had archeological importance.
How did archaeologists figure out that the Folsom site was very old?
While excavating the kill site, projectile points were found embedded between the ribs of the Bison remains. By carbon dating the bones, a date could then also be assigned to the points. That date was approximately 12,000 years bpd.
What is the Folsom site and how was it discovered?
It is the type site for the Folsom tradition, a Paleo-Indian cultural sequence dating to between 9000 BC and 8000 BC. The Folsom Site was excavated in 1926 and found to have been a marsh-side kill site or camp where 23 bison had been killed using distinctive tools, known as Folsom points.
What did George McJunkin discover?
George McJunkin (1856–1922) was an African American cowboy, amateur archaeologist and historian in New Mexico. He discovered the Folsom Site in 1908.
Who discovered the Folsom man?
A Nomadic Hunter who roamed New Mexico more than 10,000 years ago. In 1908, after the Folsom Flood of August 27th, a Black Cowboy by the name of George McJunkin discovered a large deposit of bones protruding from the bank of the Dry Cimarron River while riding in Wild Horse Arroyo with a friend, Bill Gordon.
What is the difference between Clovis and Folsom?
Clovis points, which were made early in the Paleoindian period, have been found throughout North America, most often associated with the bones of mammoths. Folsom points were made later, and they are found mostly in the central and western parts of the continent, often in association with the bones of bison.
What does Folsom mean in English?
(Entry 1 of 2) : of, relating to, or characteristic of a prehistoric culture of North America on the east side of the Rocky Mountains that is characterized by flint projectile points having a concave base with side projections and a longitudinal groove on each face. Folsom.
How did the Paleo Indians travel to America?
Traditional theories suggest that big-animal hunters crossed the Bering Strait from North Asia into the Americas over a land bridge (Beringia). This bridge existed from 45,000 to 12,000 BCE (47,000–14,000 BP). Small isolated groups of hunter-gatherers migrated alongside herds of large herbivores far into Alaska.
Who was the Folsom culture replaced by?
The Folsom culture was replaced by the Plano culture.