Why was the Black Death called The Great Mortality?

Nearly 700 years after the Black Death swept through Europe, it still haunts the world as the worst-case scenario for an epidemic. Called the Great Mortality as it caused its devastation, this second great pandemic of Bubonic Plague became known as the Black Death in the late 17th Century.

What disease was the great mortality?

The bubonic plague was ravaging the medieval world. The people who lived through it called it the Great Mortality, or the Great Pestilence, or sometimes Blue Sickness. It was only in later centuries that the term Black Death would be coined.

How was the Black Death stopped?

The most popular theory of how the plague ended is through the implementation of quarantines. The uninfected would typically remain in their homes and only leave when it was necessary, while those who could afford to do so would leave the more densely populated areas and live in greater isolation.

How long did it take the black plague to end?

Black Death—The Invention of Quarantine From the Swiss manuscript the Toggenburg Bible, 1411. The plague never really went away, and when it returned 800 years later, it killed with reckless abandon. The Black Death, which hit Europe in 1347, claimed an astonishing 20 million lives in just four years.

Is bubonic plague airborne?

Yersinia pestisis a gram negative, bacillus shaped bacteria that prefers to reside in an environment lacking oxygen (anaerobic). It is typically an organism that uses the process of fermentation to break down complex organic molecules to metabolize.

What is the mortality rate of pneumonic plague?

The death rate for persons with untreated primary pneumonic plague was reported to be almost 100% (1); the death rate for persons treated for primary pneumonic plague was 50% (1).

Who was the author of the Great Mortality?

In The Great Mortality, author John Kelly lends an air of immediacy and intimacy to his telling of the journey of the plague as it traveled from the steppes of Russia, across Europe, and into England, killing 75 million people—one third of the known population—before it vanished. More Details…

What does Kelly discuss in the Great Mortality?

Kelly spends the last portion of the book discussing some of the medical controversy about the plagues; the type (it may have been several), the various plague outbreaks after the mortality, or alternative causes for the deaths.

Where did the plague come from in the Great Mortality?

He begins by setting the stage for the mortality, which is what the contemporaries called it, by discussing where the plague may have come from, how it moved into Europe, and the various types of rats, and people, that may or may not have moved the infected fleas from place to place.