What does estampie mean in French?

estampie from French, from Old French, modification of Old Provençal estampida noise, chatter, dispute, from estampida, feminine of estampit, past participle of estampir to resound, repeat, stamp, of Germanic origin; akin to Old English stempan to stamp.

Is estampie polyphonic?

The estampie can be monophonic (a single musical line) or polyphonic (producing many sounds). The melody is monophonic and is heard as the most prominent melody. However, the melody becomes polyphonic when accompanied by instrumentalists around the one written melody (Hoppin 1978,).

Did estampie music have words?

In musical form the estampie derives from the sequence, a medieval genre of Latin hymn. Like the sequence it has a series of repeated melodic phrases (aa, bb, cc, . . . ); phrase endings in the repetitions are often varied. Estampies are among the earliest surviving examples of written instrumental music.

Who wrote estampie?

The Parisian music theorist, Jean de Grouchy, better known by his Latinised name, Johannes de Grocheio (or Grocheo), wrote Ars musicae (Art of music), in 1270-1300, in which he described the stantipes (estampie) as irregular and complicated.

What is true Estampie?

What is the estampie beat like? It is in triple meter and has a fast, strong beat. Became truly polyphonic, additional melodic lines, polyphonic, LITERALLY has ONE more LINE. THIS IS THE DISTINGUISHING feature.

Which is true of the Estampie?

Why does Renaissance music sound fuller than medieval music?

Because church modes were unfit for creating harmonies, in the Baroque period, they were finally abandoned. Instead of them, composers used four minor and major scales. When compared to Medieval music, Renaissance compositions have a fuller sound.

How does organum sound different from Gregorian chant?

The organum is highly melismatic; can be for 2, 3, or 4 voices; chant is always in the lowest voice called the Tenor. Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin (and occasionally Greek) of the Roman Catholic Church.

What are the characteristics of Gregorian chant?


  • It is a vocal music, which means that it is sung a capella without accompaniment of instruments.
  • It is sung to the unison —only one note simultaneously— which means that all the singers enliven the same melody.

How do you do the Estampie dance?


  1. Two double steps (dd) – Take three steps forward starting on the left foot, bringing feet to close. Repeat starting on the right foot.
  2. Two single steps (ss) – Take a step to the left with the left foot, bringing feet to close. Repeat starting on the right foot.

Who are the singers in Alia Vox estampies and Danses Royales?

In Alia Vox’s Estampies & Danses Royales, Jordi Savall and Hespèrion XXI utilize the dances in the Chansonnier du Roi as the basis of an entire program, adding four pieces from vocal works identified as related to this genre and instrumentally performing the latter.

How big is the Quarte estampie Royal Book?

It is a large book of over 200 parchment leaves, each about the size of a piece of copyright paper today (that is, 32 x 22 cm). Much of it is expensively copied and decorated, but it has a rich and complex history: additions, resequencing, later annotations, and much else make its origins and changes hard to trace.

What is the meaning of the word estampie?

Scholars are likewise divided on the meaning of the word estampie; at one time universally taken to mean stomp, some sources suggest the estampie was more stately than rustic, and yet others seem to suggest that the estampie might have been more of a meditative piece.

Where can I find a list of estampies?

One medieval source that forms an exception to the rule is Le Manuscrit du Roi, shelfmark fonds français 844 in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris and also known as the Chansonnier du Roi. On folios 103-104 are found eight “Estampie Real” (i.e., royal); another estampie and two additional dances are located elsewhere in the volume.