When did the consensus start?

The term originated with historian John Higham, who coined it in a 1959 article in Commentary titled “The Cult of the American Consensus.” Consensus history saw its primary period of influence in the 1950s and it remained the dominant mode of American history until historians of the New Left began to challenge it in …

What was the Attlee legacy?

Often rated as one of the greatest British prime ministers, Attlee’s reputation among scholars has grown, thanks to his creation of the modern welfare state and involvement in building the coalition against Joseph Stalin in the Cold War. He remains the longest-serving Labour leader in British history.

What is the goal of a consensus retelling of history?

This emphasis on consensus represents a continuing search for a usable past that helps us understand who we are and how we reached our current state. Such a goal aims toward the use of history—achievements and regrets; pride and disappointment—to affect decisions that may help create a better world.

What does the era of consensus mean?

The 1950s has been called the period of consensus and I suppose it was, at least for the white males who wrote about it, and who all agreed that the 1950s were fantastic for white males.

Why did Labour lose the 1951 election?

Under the first past the post electoral system, many Labour votes were “wasted” as part of large majorities for MPs in safe seats. This was the fourth of five elections in the twentieth century where a party lost the popular vote, but won the most seats.

How successful were the Labour reforms 1945 51?

The post-war Labour government In 1945, against expectations, Labour won a landslide victory at the General Election and an overall majority in Parliament.

What is consensus School thought?

Consensus theory is a social theory that holds a particular political or economic system as a fair system, and that social change should take place within the social institutions provided by it [1]. Consensus theory is concerned with the maintenance or continuation of social order in society.

What was consensus culture and why did it exist in the 1950s?

Consensus culture was caused first by the Cold War – people were hesitant to criticize the United States for fear of being framed a Communist – and second by affluence. Increasing prosperity meant that more people didn’t have as much to be critical of.

What was responsible for consensus culture?

Was 1950s a consensus society?

The booming prosperity of the 1950s helped to create a widespread sense of stability, contentment and consensus in the United States. However, that consensus was a fragile one, and it splintered for good during the tumultuous 1960s.

How many votes did Labour get in 1951?


Party Leader No.
Labour Clement Attlee 13,948,883
Conservative Winston Churchill 13,717,850
Liberal Clement Davies 730,546

Who was in power in 1952?

Winston Churchill formed the third Churchill ministry in the United Kingdom after the 1951 general election. He was reappointed as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by King George VI and oversaw the accession of Queen Elizabeth II in 1952 and her coronation.

What was the post war consensus in Britain?

The post-war consensus included a belief in Keynesian economics, a mixed economywith the nationalisationof major industries, the establishment of the National Health Serviceand the creation of the modern welfare state in Britain. The policies were instituted by all governments (both Labour and Conservative) in the post-war period.

What was the consensus of the Second World War?

The concept states that there was a widespread consensus that covered support for coherent package of policies that were developed in the 1930s and promised during the Second World War, focused on a mixed economy, Keynesianism, and a broad welfare state.

Is the theory of post war consensus a myth?

However, although this social democratic inspired theory of post war consensus has many notable scholarly advocates, it has also been widely questioned. Indeed, one historian of the Labour Party, Ben Pimlott, described it as a myth.

What was the Labour Party consensus in 1945?

Martin Francis argues there was Labour Party consensus by 1945, both on the National Executive Committee and at party conferences, on a definition of socialism that stressed moral as well as material improvement.