Why is his name Gay-Lussac?
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac was born on December 6th, 1778 in a region of France called Limoges. He was the eldest of five children born to a well respected lawyer, Antoine Gay, who began the habit of calling his family the “Gay-Lussac’s” to draw attention to their family property near St. Leonard.
What invented Gay-Lussac?
He is known mostly for his discovery that water is made of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen (with Alexander von Humboldt), for two laws related to gases, and for his work on alcohol-water mixtures, which led to the degrees Gay-Lussac used to measure alcoholic beverages in many countries.
How did Gay-Lussac discover Gay-Lussac’s law?
Pressure-temperature law Gay Lussac discovered this while building an “air thermometer”. The pressure of a gas of fixed mass and fixed volume is directly proportional to the gas’s absolute temperature.
What did Gay-Lussac contribute to the atomic theory?
Gay-Lussac soon took the relationship between chemical masses implied by Dalton’s atomic theory and expanded it to volumetric relationships of gases. In 1809 he published two observations about gases that have come to be known as Gay-Lussac’s law of combining gases.
Who discovered the proton?
In “Rutherford, transmutation and the proton”, you’ll find an account of the historical events leading to Ernest Rutherford’s discovery of the proton, published in 1919.
What was John Dalton’s theory?
Dalton’s atomic theory was the first complete attempt to describe all matter in terms of atoms and their properties. The first part of his theory states that all matter is made of atoms, which are indivisible. The second part of the theory says all atoms of a given element are identical in mass and properties.
Who is Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and what did he do?
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac was born in Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat on December 6, 1778, as the eldest son of Antoine Gay and Leonarde Bourigner. He had four siblings and his father was a famous lawyer who worked as a lawyer, prosecutor and judge for Noblat.
How did Joseph Louis Lussac affect the Revolution?
Joseph Louis, although baptized “Gay,” adopted the same practice. The comfortable social and economic position of the family was rudely disturbed by the Revolution. In September 1793, when Gay-Lussac was fourteen, his father was arrested as a suspect. The Abbé Bourdeix, who had been giving the son private lessons, fled the country.
What did Gay Lussac and Thenard contribute to science?
Gay-Lussac and Thenard’s really important contribution stemming from Davy’s work was their preparation (announced to the Institute on 7 March 1808) of potassium and sodium in reasonable quantities and by purely chemical means.
How many children did Joseph Louis Lussac have?
Joseph Louis Gay Lussac married Geneviève-Marie-Joseph Rojot in 1809. Theirs was a happy marriage that lasted four decades and produced five children. He suffered from ill health during his last days and died on 9 May 1850, in Paris, France.