What language does the Mundari tribe speak?
Mundari (Munɖari) is a Munda language of the Austroasiatic language family spoken by the Munda and Bhumij tribes in eastern Indian states of Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal. It is closely related to Santali. Mundari Bani, a script specifically to write Mundari, was invented by Rohidas Singh Nag.
Which states speak Mundari language?
Santali language, Santali also spelled Santhali, a Munda language spoken primarily in the east-central Indian states of West Bengal, Jharkhand, and Orissa.
What is the religion of Santhals?
According to the 2011 Indian Census, for combined Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and Bihar, 63% recorded their religion as ‘Hinduism’, while 31% practice other religions and persuasions (mainly Sarna dharam), and 5% practice Christianity.
Which caste is Munda?
The Munda are an ethnic tribal (Adivasi) group of people of the Chota Nagpur Plateau region. Munda people are categorised as Scheduled Tribe by Constitution of India which are found in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh & Orrisa.
Who was the leader of Mundari movement?
Birsa Munda started a movement called ‘Ulgulan’, which means ‘revolution’ in the Mundari language spoken by the Munda tribe. The fight was for the right to their lands. His leadership was phenomenal, and thousands of tribals stood with him. The uprising posed a threat to the British government.
What is the mother language of Jharkhand?
Hindi is the official language in Jharkhand and is spoken by the people of the state, although different regions have their own languages. These include Nagpuri, Khortha, Kurmali, Magahi and Bhojpuri.
Is Adivasi a Hindu?
The Sarna Code establishes a distinct, honourable identity for the Adivasis away from the Hindu identity — which is usually assumed as such for the Tribals. The dominant caste savarna Hindus have taken for granted the status of Adivasi and Dalits as being Hindu.
Is Sarna a religion?
Followers of ‘Sarna’ are usually nature worshippers. They have been demanding recognition of it as a distinct religion for decades. At present, under the census, there are codes for only six religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism.
What do Munda people eat?
Boiled rice forms the staple food of the Mundas. The more well-to-do eat this with vegetables (e.g., onions, eggplant, radishes, beans, and roots such as the sweet potato) and pulses. Spices used include turmeric, garlic, and chilies.
What is the origin of the Mundari people?
Mundari have a multiplicity of origins. The original clans whose origin can not be traced mixed with the Bora who are believed to have broken off from the other Bari-speaking groups. The Mundari society is organised into agnatic exogamous lineages.
Where did the name of the Munda come from?
Munda’s original name is a Tamil word. The Mundas call themselves as “ Horoko ” in which ‘horo’ refers to man, according to them. In their speech the letters ‘h’ and ‘r’ are interchangeable with ‘k’ and ‘l’ respectively.
What kind of land is Mundari in Equatoria?
Mundari-land is wooded savannah lying on both sides of the River Nile. The western part is drained by numerous seasonal and perennial streams and becomes swampy during the rainy season. A Mundari fisherman carrying smoked fish in Terekeka, Central Equatoria State.
What kind of food do the Mundari eat?
The Mundari are ago-pastoralist and the economy is centred on subsistence agriculture and herding of livestock. The main crops are sorghum, maize, groundnuts, simsim. The Mundari raise a considerable number of cattle, goats and sheep that are essential as mediums: connecting human beings and this world with the world of gods.