What type of amine is nicotine?

Nicotine is an alkaloid and a tertiary amine and comprises both a pyridine and pyrrolidine ring. It is a weak base and strongly alkaline with pKa values of about 3.2 and 7.9 (see also Chapter 5 for review of literature) and is soluble both in water and in lipids.

What drugs are amines?


Drug Drug Description
Citalopram A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used in the treatment of depression.
Eletriptan A triptan used for the treatment of migraines.
Oxyphenonium For the treatment of visceral spasms
Isoetharine For the treatment of asthma, wheezing, and chronic asthmatic bronchitis.

Which one is an example of an amine?

Important amines include amino acids, biogenic amines, trimethylamine, and aniline; see Category:Amines for a list of amines. Inorganic derivatives of ammonia are also called amines, such as monochloramine (NClH2).

Is nicotine an acid or base?

Nicotine is a weak base with a pKa of 8.0. In its ionized state, such as in acidic environments, nicotine does not rapidly cross membranes. The pH of smoke from flue-cured tobaccos, found in most cigarettes, is acidic (pH 5.5–6.0).

How many types of amine are there?

On the basis of how the hydrogen atoms are replaced by an ammonia molecule, amines can be divided into 4 types.

Does nicotine have negative effects?

Nicotine is a dangerous and highly addictive chemical. It can cause an increase in blood pressure, heart rate, flow of blood to the heart and a narrowing of the arteries (vessels that carry blood). Nicotine may also contribute to the hardening of the arterial walls, which in turn, may lead to a heart attack.

How are amines and amides classified in chemistry?

Compounds that have a nitrogen atom bonded to one side of a carbonyl group are classified as amides. Amines are a basic functional group. Amines and carboxylic acids can combine in a condensation reaction to form amides. Chemistry End of Chapter Exercises

What kind of compound is a simple amide?

If the two remaining bonds on the nitrogen atom are attached to hydrogen atoms, the compound is a simple amide. If one or both of the two remaining bonds on the atom are attached to alkyl or aryl groups, the compound is a substituted amide. Simple amides are named as derivatives of carboxylic acids.

How are amines named after the nitrogen atom?

Amines are named by naming the alkyl groups attached to the nitrogen atom, followed by the suffix – amine as illustrated here for a few simple examples: The name of larger molecules involve the class-identifying suffix –ine as you will see later in this section (e.g. caffeine and nicotine).

Are there any amines that are potent carcinogens?

Several aromatic amines, including β-naphthylamine, are potent carcinogens. The amide functional group has an nitrogen atom attached to a carbonyl carbon atom. If the two remaining bonds on the nitrogen atom are attached to hydrogen atoms, the compound is a simple amide.