How do you test stereo vision?

Common Stereopsis Tests Used in the Eye Clinic The circles test from 800 down to 40 seconds of arc while the animals test 400 to 100 seconds of arc. The fly has variable stereo from the head to the thorax and contains disparity values from about 700 to 400 seconds of arc.

What is the stereo test in Optometry?

Stereoscopic vision testing is a means for clinical examiners, ophthalmologists and optometrists to get an overall picture of vision. Tests for stereoscopic vision or stereotest have been used to detect strabismus, amblyopia and other abnormalities of the visual system in children [4,5,12-14].

What does the Titmus test diagnose?

Answer: This is a test which the optometrist uses (normally with children) to detect stereopsis (the ability to perceive depth) and therefore identify conditions where stereopsis is absent eg amblyopia.

What is normal Stereoacuity?

However in our study population, normal stereo acuity of 20 arc seconds was found in 13.1% and near to normal that is borderline of upto 40 arc seconds in 44.3%. The higher stereo acuity levels were enjoyed by people 60 years before. However, in the current scenario, this percentage is significantly reduced.

What are Wirt circles?

The Wirt Circles test shows four circles each in one corner of a diamond shape. The graded circles on the Wirt Circles go from 800 down to 40 seconds of arc. Limitations of the test include: a top limit of 40 seconds of arc and monocular cues to depth. FIGURE 1: Titmus Stereo Fly with Wirt Circles.

What causes stereo blindness?

Stereo-blindness. is often caused by underlying conditions like amblyopia (lazy eye) and strabismus (cross eyes, eye turn). Correction of the underlying condition using vision therapy is often a cure for stereo-blindness. These conditions, especially amblyopia, are most effectively treated at an early age.

What is Duochrome eye test?

A duochrome test is a test commonly used to refine the final sphere in refraction, which makes use of the longitudinal chromatic aberration of the eye. Because of the chromatic aberration of the eye, the shorter wavelengths (green) are focused in front of the longer red wavelengths.

At what age does stereopsis develop?

The critical period for development of stereopsis in humans is well defined. After an abrupt onset at approximately 3 months of age, 1 2 3 4 5 there is a rapid period of maturation until 8 to 18 months of age, 6 followed by a continued gradual improvement until at least 3 years of age.

What is the difference between strabismus and Esotropia?

As stated above, an eye that moves on its own is a sign of Amblyopia or Lazy Eye, but Strabismus is the condition that one or both eyes turns inwards (esotropia) or out (exotropia). The affected eyes can stray and move on their own or remain in their position. Strabismus can be caused by muscle weakness or poor vision.