What are the causes of cardiac disease in pregnancy?

From the conception of pregnancy, mothers should receive counsel regarding risk factors attributed to cardiac disease of pregnancy. These risk factors include drug use, alcohol abuse, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, pre-existing heart disease, myocarditis, and familial heart disease of pregnancy.

What cardiac condition is normal during pregnancy?

Congenital heart conditions and pregnancy Congenital heart defects are the most common heart problems that affect women of childbearing age. These include shunt lesions, obstructive lesions, complex lesions and cyanotic heart disease.

What is the most common complication of heart disease in pregnancy?

The increased cardiac output related to pregnancy can lead to heart failure, and the increased heart rate in the third trimester can lead to ischemic events. The potential obstetrical complications include preeclampsia or other hypertensive related disorders, premature birth, and small-for-gestational-age births.

Which cardiac disease has highest mortality in pregnancy?

A heart muscle disease called peripartum cardiomyopathy is the leading cause of death in expectant mothers, accounting for 23% of deaths late in pregnancy, according to ACOG.

What can cause sudden death during pregnancy?

The leading causes of sudden deaths during natal and postnatal period include sudden arrhythmic death syndrome, car- diomyopathies, dissection of major vessels, congenital heart disease and valvular heart diseases [22], or gynaeco- logical causes include abortion, ruptured tubal rupture, etc.

Which cardiac disease has the lowest risk for maternal mortality?

The lowest maternal morbidity and mortality rate is seen in Hispanic women with a rate of 11.4 per 100000 live births….4 lesion-specific predictors:

  • Mechanical valves (2 points)
  • High-risk aortopathies (2 points)
  • Pulmonary hypertension (2 points)
  • Coronary artery disease (2 points)

How can I strengthen my heart during pregnancy?

Luckily, many of the things you can do to protect your heart during pregnancy are important for staying healthy in general:

  1. Be your own health advocate.
  2. Eat a balanced, nutritious diet with more fruits and vegetables.
  3. Exercise regularly.
  4. Get enough sleep.
  5. Reach and maintain a healthy weight.
  6. Don’t smoke or vape.

How does heart disease affect pregnancy?

Heart disease can not only affect the mother’s body, but it can also affect the fetus. If the mother’s heart is unable to supply enough oxygen and other nutrition to fetus, the fetus will not grow enough and develop a condition called ‘intrauterine growth restriction’.

What causes heart problems during pregnancy?

The study found that heart attacks among pregnant women occur through different mechanisms than other heart attacks. Most heart attacks are caused by atherosclerosis or narrowing of the arteries due to a build-up of plaque. Among pregnant women, this was the cause in just one-third of heart attacks.

Is it normal to have high heart rate in pregnancy?

Increased heart rate during pregnancy reaching 100 BPM (beats per minute) or more is normal. Known as tachycardia , high heart rate needs not to cause panic if you are pregnant. Remember that another life is developing inside you and it depends on you to supply nourishment and oxygen.

Can pregnancy cause heart disease?

While uncommon, it is possible for pregnant women to develop rare heart conditions or suffer a heart attack, even though they do not have traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Sometimes heart disease is the result of previously undiagnosed heart conditions, but it can also be caused by the strain of pregnancy.