Which German prepositions take the accusative case?
- für – for.
- um – round, around.
- durch – through.
- gegen – against.
- entlang – along (usually placed after the noun, rather than before it)
- bis – until.
- ohne – without.
- wider – against, contrary to something.
What is the accusative case in German examples?
The woman (die Frau) is the subject, the one doing the buying, and the skirt (Rock) is the direct object, the thing being bought, and is in the accusative case. Translation: She has a dog.
What cases do German prepositions take?
As you know, German has four grammatical cases, the prepositions belong to accusative, dative, and genitive cases. There are also some that belong to both accusative and dative. This means that when you use a preposition the noun or pronoun that follows it must be used in the case associated with that preposition.
Is auf an accusative preposition?
Prepositions introduce prepositional phrases, which always include a noun(s). Two-way prepositions require nouns either in the accusative case or in the dative case. There are 10 two-way prepositions: an, auf, hinter, in, neben, entlang, über, unter, vor, zwischen.
What is accusative case example?
For example, Hund (dog) is a masculine (der) word, so the article changes when used in the accusative case: Ich habe einen Hund. (lit., I have a dog.) In the sentence “a dog” is in the accusative case as it is the second idea (the object) of the sentence.
How many accusative prepositions are there?
5 accusative prepositions
Let’s look at examples of each declension pattern along with each of the 5 accusative prepositions!
Is wohin always accusative?
When a dual preposition answers the question “where to?” (wohin?) or “what about?” (worüber?), it takes the accusative case. When answering the question “where” (wo?), it takes the dative case.
What does VOR mean in German time?
vor – Before like in “Seven minutes before midnight”. nach – The antonym of vor, of course meaning after. viertel – This means quarter like in quarter past/quarter to.
What are the German prepositions?
There are only a few common genitive prepositions in German, including: (an)statt (instead of), außerhalb/innerhalb (outside/inside of), trotz (in spite of), während (during) and wegen (because of).
What are the four noun cases of German?
Depending on how a given word is used-whether it’s the subject, a possessive, or an indirect or a direct object-the spelling and the pronunciation of that noun or pronoun changes, as does the preceding article. The four German cases are the nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative .
What are verbs take the dative in German?
We have a list here of the top 10 most common verbs that use dative in German! gefallen → Das gefällt mir. (I like that.) helfen → Sie hilft ihm. (She helps him.) schmecken → Pizza schmeckt ihr nicht. (She doesn’t like the taste of pizza.) glauben → Sie glaubt ihm nicht.
What is the plural of accusative?
accusative case (plural accusative cases) (grammar): case used to mark the immediate object (direct object) on which the transitive verb acts.